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Individual Measure of Multidimensional Poverty

The Individual Measure of Multidimensional Poverty (IMMP) is a gender sensitive measure of multi-dimensional poverty. It measures at the individual level and provided nuanced, policy relevant information.


It is the result of more than a decade of research with a range of partners globally, which commenced with participatory research with over 2,000 women and men with lived experience of poverty across eighteen sites in six countries, and leading to large scale surveys of multidimensional poverty in Indonesia and South Africa.

From 2009-2013, the research that underpins the IMMP was funded by an Australian  Research Council Linkage grant (Assessing Development: Designing better indices of poverty and gender equity), and carried out by an interdisciplinary team led by Professor Thomas Pogge. I was responsible for the design of the three-stage methodology that resulted in the Measure, and involved rights-based research using participatory methods with over 2,000 of people in Angola, Fiji, Indonesia, Malawi, Mozambique and the Philippines. 

From 2016 to 2020, I co-led with Associate Professor Janet Hunt the Individual Deprivation Measure program, which was funded by the Australian Government through the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (and undertaken in partnership with IWDA). During that project, the Measure was further developed, and major studies were undertaken in Indonesia and South Africa. Details of those studies and the findings are available at the Individual Measure of Multidimensional Poverty website  here

Called the Individual Deprivation Measure during its development, the IMMP was renamed in 2020 to better describe what it does.  

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